fROPERn^*^

BR 782 .M32 1843 McCosh, James, 1811-1894. The wheat and the chaff gathered into bundles

THE WHEAT AND THE CHAFF

6ATHEBED INTO BUNDLES.

THE WHEAT AND THE CHAFF GATHERED INTO BUNDLES ;

A

STATISTICAL CONTRIBUTION

T0WAUD3

THE HISTOEY OF THE EECENT DISRUPTION

OF THE

SCOTTISH ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT.

BY JAMES*M^COSH,

EDITOR OF THE DUNDEE WAUDER.

PERTH, JAMES DEWAR :

DUNDEE, W. MIDDLETON ; ABERDEEN, J. DAVIDSON ;

EDINBURGH, W. WHYTE &C0., JOHN JOHNSTONE, C. ZEIGLER, AV. P. KENNEDY,

AND M'DONALDS, BROTHERS ;

GLASGOW, W. COLLINS, D. BRYCE, OGLE & SON ;

GREENOCK, J. G. BANKIER.

TsisT

PRINTKD AT THE WARnKR OFFICK, VUJ^DVT..

INTRODUCTION. ^

The Compiler of tlie folloAving pages deems that little apology is due for the object and design of his undertaking, whatever may be required for the imperfections of its execution. In the full inibroken strength of a period of great reviA^al in the middle of a career of constantly growing and extending usefulness, and of a progress rapid and imswerA'ing towards unexampled purity of doctrine and discipline the Church of Scotland has been sud- denly cast down from her place among the national establish- ments of Christianity. With her fall there is lost to the people of Scotland the rich inheritance purchased for them of old by the faithful contendings, the blood, the prayers, of their martyred fathers ; and to the Church at large, and to the nations, the only liring, existing model, ever presented in the history of Christen- dom, of a Church allied to the State, and yet bearing soothfast allegiance to her glorious King and Head, maintaining, in the fullest sense, her freedom to be governed in all respects by the dictates of His holy Word, rendering unto Ccesar the things which are Cresar's, and unto God the things which are God's. The defence of this noble and unequalled institution this em- bodiment of principles, the complete development and full supre- macy of -which will doubtless form one of the sources of glory and blessedness in the approaching millenial day lay, in the first and most especial manner, upon the ministers of that Church, from their position as Avatchmen i;pon the watch-towers of Zion, and by the awful vows to God taken by each of them on the day of his ordination, by which he became solemnly pledged to main- tain it in the entirencss and purity of its doctrine, discipline, and worship, " Avhatsoever persecution miglit arise." It belongs, there- fore, to the people of Scotland, Avho have been defrauded of so noble an inheritance, and to the. Church of Christ at large, as interested in the entireness of the gospel truth, and as de-

6 INTRODUCTION.

prived of so fair a model of a just and scriptural alliance betwixt Churcli and State, and to future history, to know how they and each of them have discharged this all important duty, that the men of this generation, and their children after them, may, by the glorious example of the faithful, be encouraged to patient en- durance, and animated to costly sacrifices and heroic achieve- ments in the great battle of the Cross, and warned by the melancholy record of those who have openly ranged them- selves under the banners of the foe, or who have turned back in the day of battle, of human weakness, and taught to shun dependence upon an arm of flesh. To furnish a contribution towards supplying this information is the purpose of the present publication ; and, imperfect as the attempt may in some respects be found, yet does it furnish forth one of the most strange and striking and instructive mementos, at once of the strength and weakness of religious principle, which perhaps the whole annals of the Church can supply.

With these few words by Avay of introduction, the compiler pro- ceeds to offer some brief explanations of the plan he has pursued in the arrangements of his Avork, and to draAV attention to one or two of the more striking results'which his labours have educed. His plan has at least, it is conceived, simplicity to recommend it. It follows undeviatingly the customary ecclesiastical arrangements of presbyteries and synods, commencing with the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, and the metropolitan Presbytery of Edinburgh, and proceeding as nearly as possible according to geographical position. In each presbytery, the ministers, as at the date of the disruption, are separated into two great divisions. The First Division comprises the names of those ministers, and of their former parishes, who have adhered to the Free Church. The Second Division, on the other hand, comprises the names and parislics of all who have adhered to the Establishment. This latter division is again subdivided into two distinct classes. The First Class comprises those Avho may be ranked as of the old Moderate type disciples of the school and props of the system of Principal Robertson. While the Second Class com- prehends those Avho professed the same principles as the adhe- rents of the Free Church, and throughout the controversy Avere more or less active and forAvard in their advocacy and support of the Evanoelical cause, but Avhohave. neA'ertheless, seen it to be meet

INTRODUCTION. 7

and good in the issne to retain tlieir connection with an establish- ment in which principles they so often professed to hold to be fun- damental, and essential to the constitution of every true Church of Christ, have been trampled under foot, and virtually declared by express statute to be contrary to law. In all these various sec- tions, the arrangement is according to priority of ordination ; and the names of such parishes or charges as had no endowment from the State are distinguished by being printed in italics. At the close of each synod, there is a general view of the state of par- ties, and thei result of the disruption over it ; and statistical tables are likewise given at the proper place illustrative of the same facts ov^r the whole Church, and of the composition of the various sections as tested by the dates of the several ordinations of the ministers respectively composing them.

With regard to Universities, it has not been considered ne- cessary to present any separate view of them. The only profes- sors whose duties are of such a character, as that adherence to the Free Church properly exposes them to the necessity of resig- nation, are the Professors of Divinity and Church History, and the occupants of the chairs for these faculties in the various Uni- versities will be found ranged along with the presbyteries witliin whose bounds they are. Many of the most eminent Professors of other faculties, it is true, such as Principal Sir David Brewster of St AndreAVS, Dr Fleming, the distinguished Professor of Na- tural Philosophy, and Mr Bentley, the Professor of Oriental Lan- guages, both of King's College, Aberdeen ; Dr Brown, Professor of Greek, Marischal College, Aberdeen ; with several other dis- tinguished Professors at Glasgow and elsewhere, have adhered to the Free Church, and have been in most cases, in consequence, subjected to much annoyance, and threatened vntli expulsion from their chairs by the vindictive and vengeful spleen of the Resi- duary Presbyteries of St Andrews and Aberdeen ; but we have no thought that the issue will be other than to prove that their pro- ceedings are as impotent as they are in every sense despicable and reprehensible. As respecting ministers of Chapels of Ease, and salaried Missionaries, having no seats in church courts, separate classified rolls of them will be found following the body of the work. To these there is likewise added a roll of the Probationers adhering to the Free Church. Their sacrifices, prospectively speaking, are only second to those of the ministers : and it seemed

8 INTRODUCTION.

only due to them to make honourable record of their names. Finally, an Appendix is added, containing the Solemn Engage- ment, the Convocation Resolutions, and other documents which seemed necessary to a proper apprehension of the more testing votes given, and pledges made, by Class Second of the Residuary Ministers.

In regard to the First Division, under the foregoing plan, the adherents of the Free Church, the simple record of their names as such has been deemed sufficient. While they continued in the Esta- blishment there were slight differences of opinion amongst them, principally touching how far a properly regulated and limited sys- tem of patronage was desirable, or might be lawfully submitted to by a Church of Christ. Even that difference was, by the progress of events, pretty well purged before the disruption, and it related entirely to a state of things which, so far as they are concerned, has no longer an existence. It is, therefore, practically at an end ; and it is not desirable that the memory of it should be farther pre- served. In the two great principles the first, that no pastor shall be intruded upon a reclaiming congregation ; and the second, of which the first, properly and strictly speaking, is only a conse- quence and a part, that the Lord Jesus Christ is the alone King and Head of his Church ; and that, as such, his word must be consulted and obeyed as the supreme rule for the government and regulation of the Church, in preference, and, if need be, in opposition to the mandates of any earthly tribunal or authority they were ever heart and soul united. Of the depth and sin- cerity of their convictions in regard to these of the mighty energy and power of that all-prevailing faith, which filled their hearts they have furnished a proof over which the universal Church of Christ rejoices, at Avhich an incredidous world stands amazed, and which, with all its art, it cannot explain away. In the sight of heaven and earth they stand confessed a noble and determined band of Christian heroes. The simple record of their names as members of this band is in itself a high and proud eulogium ; and the writer cannot but regard it as an honour- able and pious labour to complete and transmit such a record for the use of the future historian. He has often felt painful regret that, after the neglect for years of the performance of a similar duty for the 400 faithful men who, for the like cause, were driven from their pulpits and their flocks, a hun-

INTRODUCTION. '■>

dred and sixty years ago, even all tlie assiduity of a Wodrow was able so inadequately to accomplish it. It may be, per- haps,, supposed by some, that he should have, in a parti- cular manner, distinguished those eminent and devoted men, who have been raised up and endowed of GrOD as the chief and leading instruments in this great and vital contest ; but, besides being scarcely within the scope of the present undertaking, it was altogether unnecessary to do so. In the present day, their names are familiar as household words, and there is no fear but some future M'Crie will do them ample justice ; and it is, upon the whole, better that, in a merely statistical compilation like the present, all should stand upon the simple and undistinguished Presbyterian level of brethren in the Lord, and fellow-soldiers and sufferers in the same good cause.

In regard, likewise, to the First Ckiss of the Residuary Esta- blishment, a similar simple record of names has been deemed suf- ficient. This is not on account of any particular unity or cohe- rence of general sentiment amongst them. By far the largest class, it is true, are still of the genuine type of ancient Mode- ratism; and more especially in the spiritual wastes of Aberdeen- shire, and of the southern districts of Scotland, specimens of the tribe, pure and uncontaminated as the days of Robertson could furnish, may be gleaned in abundance. There is a section, how- ever, and by no means an inconsiderable one in point of numbers, whom the gro-wing Evangelism of the age has not left without im- pressions of a certain kind, Avho are, perhaps, as far as they can be, Evangelical in their preaching, and a few of them even occasionally somewhat so in their speeches in Church Courts, but who, in the general current of their lives, and of the Church polity which, by their votes, they support, are Moderates in the strictest sense of the epithet. There is even a third section, but not a numerous one, who make high pretensions to spirituality ; but it is of an unhealthy, sentimental caste, and is united with lordly notions of Church power and authority far more befitting the mitre and lawn of the prelate than the plain Genevan gown and cap of the simple Presbyterian minister. There are also a few who may have recorded a fitful and capricious vote for Evangelical mea- sures, repented of almost as soon as given, or at least recanted the moment the slightest threatening appeared of their becoming mat- ters of serious controversy. It has been considered altogether

10 INTRODUCTION.

useless, and, indeed, would have been in a manner impossible, to discriminate with anything like accuracy amongst all these various sections. They are all entitled to the merit, such as it is, of having subscribed their adherence to standards, some of the most essential and peculiar principles of which at the very moment of such subscription they to all practical effects rejected ; and of having pursued their subsequent course in general consistency with this auspicious and honourable com- mencement of their ecclesiastical career. Although their grounds of action may have somewhat varied, the result at which their po- licy has aimed has been, to all practical results, the same, viz., the depression of Evangelical principles and sway, and the resuscita- tion of that evil system, whose bitter fruits are so abundantly apparent in the records of the past, and which, it is scarcely to be questioned, is destined to supply the most ample materials to fill an equally dark and gloomy page in the records of the future. It is, therefore, quite enough to know of such men that they were Moderates.

With respect, however, to the Second Class of the Eesiduary Establishment, it has been deemed incumbent to pursue a dilBFe- rent course. It has been thought fitting to mention, in regard to each of them, some of the specific grounds on which he is placed in it. In the execution of this task, the writer has confined him- self as much as possible to the record of public facts, leaving the necessary inferences from these facts to be gleaned by each reader for himself. But it is not to be concealed that these facts afibrd, in most cases, but a faint and inadequate'ijortraiture of the men ; and that, to have rendered it anything like complete in finish and detail, it would have been necessary to . refer far more parti- cularly to their repeated and solemn declarations of their belief and reception of the principles at issue, not only as principles of the standards of the Church, but of the eternal Word of God to their vows and resolutions to maintain them at all hazards to their professions of readiness to suffer the loss of all things to take to the hill-side, like their persecuted fiithers to lay their heads upon the block rather than surrender their principles to their solemn inculcation of them from the pulpit and their still more solemn appeals in their behalf to GoD in prayer. There are not few amongst them of whom the fitting type is to be found in that "Mr Patrick Galloway," Avho, in other and kindred times, offered to

INTRODUCTION. 11

sig-n the protestation against Prelacy with his blood, and " took it ill if he were asked to eat a Christmas pie," and in that " Mr William Struthers," who being in GlasgoAv, and happening to see Bishop Spottiswood on the street, went into a shop, and fell into a swoon, and on recovering, being asked what had befallen him, exclaimed, "What ! saw ye not the character of the beast coming !" but who both afterwards became vehement partizans of Prelacy. Nor is this to be wondered at ; for, as is judiciously, and as applied to present circumstances, most strikingly and truly remarked by Thomas M'Crie, " He has studied history and observed life to little pur- pose who has not discovered, that those who make the most flam- ing professions of zeal, when professions may be made without dan- ger or inconvenience, or who show an over-strained strictness about matters of really small moment, are generally the first to yield when the trial of principle arrives, and turn out the most bitter opponents of their brethren who, though they made less noise about their faithfulness, have nevertheless stood faithful in the evil day."* In offering these remarks, the writer is influenced by a regard to truth, and what its interests demand at his hand, alone; for he has no desire to write, or speak, or think, of the parties in question too harshly. He feels the power of the trial from which they have shrunk ; and he is far from wishing it to be understood that he permits himself to entertain any boastful confidence, as if his own strength would have been sufficient to have carried him in safety through it, had it been presented to himself. But, while compassion is a proper and legitimate feeling to cherish towards them, it is impossible to entertain for them as a body any shred of respect or esteem. They have doubtless been able in some degree to satisfy their own minds that the course they have pursued is the right one ; though it will be hard for those wlio have not the same inducements they possess to understand the grounds upon which they have proceeded. There is one amongst many simple views of the case, Avhich, if they would present to themselves, must, it is thought, startle them from their security. Suppose that their more faithful and steadfast brethren who have formed the 'Free Church had all, or even in any very large portion, acted precisely as they have done, and remained

* M'Crie's Sketches of Scottish Church Histoiy, p. 172.

12 INTRODUCTION.

in tlis Establishment, can tliey not perceive the conse(iuence which must have resulted to the cause of Christianity ? Does not, at the bare supposition, the loud exulting shout of a godless world, over the fall of those who made so brave a profession of obnoxious truth, ring through fancy's ear, and awaken the sleep- ing echoes of conscience I And is there not pictured forth before imagination's eye the consequent shame and sinking of heart of the people of God the general reproach, obloquy, and suspicion thrown over the very name of religion and the ministerial character for truthfulness, sincerity, and fortitude, become a scoff and a bye-word in the mouths of the profane and the infidel ? As matters have been ordered in Providence, by the noble self- sacrificing faith of those whom they are now but too generally ready to reproach and revile, Christianity has gathered additional strength and renown from the issue ; but so far as tJiei/ are con- cerned, the full responsibility of tlie worst result rests upon them.

It but now remains to draw attention to some of the more re- markable statistical facts brought out by the Tables which accompany the following pages ; and it may be observed, regard- ing the strength of parties, that from Table No. I it appears

1st, That the total number of ordained ministers having seats in Church Courts in the Establishment at the time of the dis- ruption, was 1195, and the number of vacant charges 53.

2d, That the proportion of those who have adhered to the Free Church is 454,* and to the Establishment 741, the latter number consisting of ministers in class first 481, and in class second 260. Likewise, that the strength of what may be called the old Evangelical party that is to say, Avhat it was or would have been had no season of trial or difficulty arisen to divide it into sections was 714.

In regard, again, to the rate or j^ercentagc of secession, the following results appear from the same table :

1st, That, taken over the vrhole Church, the secession attains to a percentage of 37.908, or almost thirty-eight out of eVery hundred ministers it contained at the disruption. Over the

* If to this number be added "the adherents among the ministers of chapels of ease, the missionaries ou the royal bounty, and the missionaries on foreign stations (the latter have all adhered), who were mostly ordained ministers, and who all held salaried ai)iiointments, the number of adherents to the Free Church exceeds 500.

INTRODUCTION. 13

eight southern synods, again, it is 37.065 ; and ovei' the eight northern synods, 39.713. It thus appears, which was perhaps scarcely the general opinion, that, tested by the rate of secession, the northern synods, notwithstanding of the interjection of Aber- deen like a lump of ice in the heart of them, were someAvhat more evangelical than the southern. Again, the greatest rate of seces- sion in any particular synod is in that of Koss, where 75.802 per cent., or rather more than three-fourths of the ministers, have gone out ; and it is least in that of Dumfries, where only 19.048 per cent., or rather less than one-fifth of the whole ministers, have gone out. With respect to the five great synods, Lothian and Tweeddale, Glasgow and Ayr, Perth and Stirling, Angus and Mearns, and Aberdeen, which contain each upwards of a hundred ministers, it is greatest in Perth and Stirling, where it is 48.039, and least in Aberdeen, where it is 31.25.

2d, Confined, on the other hand, to the old Evangelical party, the percentage of secession over the aggregate number (714), of which it was composed, is 63.585 that is to say, almost two-thirds of those who ever professed in any degree to enter- tain Evangelical principles have made the costly sacrifice of their earthly all rather than betray them, while little more than one-third have proved faint-hearted in the hour of trial. Taking it, again, over the eight southern synods, the rate is 59.815 per cent ; and over the eight northern, it is 71.244 per cent. Tried by this test, also, the northern synods have thus likewise the advantage. Their Evangelism, besides being pro- portionally more abundant, has proved itself to be possessed of superior endurance to that of their southern neighbours. In regard to particular synods, Ross once more appears in the first rank, not less than 88 per cent, of its professing Evan- gelism having broken connection mth the State ; while Ork- ney is very considerably the meanest of all, only a little more than forty-one per cent, of the once overwhelming strength of Evangelism in that synod having withdrawn. Finally, taking the five great synods above-mentioned, it is greatest in Aber- deen and Angus and Mearns, which are about equal in this respect, and in each of which rather more than 72 per cent, of the professing Evangelical section have withdrawn ; and least in that of Glasgow and Ayr, where the rate is only 59.3.

The results brought out by Table No. II., which exhibits the composition of parties as tested by the dates of ordination, are

14 INTRODUCTION,

equally interesting with those elicited by the first Table. The Table exhibits the composition of each synod in this respect ; but the totals, as regards the whole Church, stands as follows :

Ordained before 1800 to 1810 to 1820 to 1830 to 1840 to 1843

1 Free Church 12 27 59 109 208 39

2 Residuary Estab.

Class First 59 75 100 128 91 28

Class Second 6 22 39 86 90 17

One of the first and most obvious results which these numbers present is the progress of Evangelism in the Church. It may justly be calculated that the deaths on either side of the Church have been proportionally great, and that the survivors of those ordained before any particular year afford a fair representation of the relative strength and proportion of parties as at that parti- cular year. Talcing, therefore (which is necessary to arrive at just views on this head), the numbers of the Free Churchmen and of the Second Class Residiiaries together, and as opposed to the old Moderate party, we find that in 1800 the strength of parties stood in the proportion of 59 old Moderates to 18 professing Evangelicals ! This was the era of the quashing of missionary enterprise, by solemn resolution of the General Assembly, and of the passing of the famous or infamous act of 1799, barring the pulpits of the Establishment against Mr Simeon of Cambridge, Rowland Hill, and such other Evangelical firebrands. Passing on again to 1810, we find the numbers stand 134 Moderates to 67 Evangelicals. The latter had, therefore, advanced from being less than a third to be exactly half as numerous as their oppo- nents. Just Avhen the night had attained its darkest, morn- ing began to brighten in the horizon. Progressing still onwards to 1820, the numbers are 234 to 165. Moderatism retains a decided majority, but Evangelism has made a long stride upon it and has now become a formidable party. This was the era when Dr An- drew Thomson, of mighty memory, was assailing the iniquities of the system, and by and bye succeeded in sweeping away plurali- ties, Avitli a host of its other corruptions. Still, coming up another decade, we reach 1830, when the numbers stand 362 to 360. The knell of Moderatism had about rung out, its sceptre was broken, and its power was passing away. In 1834 the Veto act was passed ; and a little more union and energy amongst its supporters might have carried it sooner. Passing now to 1840, the numbers are 454 to 667. During the ten years that but a little poAver was conceded to the popular voice, 298 settlements were in favour of

INTRODUCTION. 15

Evangelism and only 91 ! against it. Does not Moderatism well to hate and dread the popular influence, which thus so emphatically pronounces, wherever it has sway, sentence of extinction against it ? But the days of the prosperity of Evan- gelism in the Establishment had now drawn to a conclusion. The Tories had returned to power ; and because Evangelism pre- ferred— obstinately preferred the eternal interests of the popula- tion, and the law of its God, to the inclinations and prejudices of the aristocracy, it must be put down. To effect this object was the latest " holy alliance" formed. Patrons and Ministers of the CroAvn banded together ; and no faithful minister of the Gospel must be admitted none but sure men, who had sworn vassalage to the patrons and the Civil Courts. It is not asserted that this was universal, but it did notoriously prevail to a large extent; and by its marked effect upon the numbers from 1840 to 1843, the extent of its influence may in some degree be calculated. Only 39 seced- ing ministers entered the Church during that period, and of these the large proportion were ministers of Church Extension churches, Avhich were beyond the reach of patrons and cabinets ; while of the two classes of Residuaries (and these, for obvious reasons, must now be taken together) there are 45. Let these numbers be compared with the relative proportions for the previous de- cade, and the awful extent of this fearful tampering with con- science and the liberties of the Church of God may, it is affirmed, be to some extent comprehended.

There are many other interesting results brought out by these Tables ; but space will not permit of their being adverted to, and the reader must be left to glean them for himself. The Compiler will, in conclusion, merely say that he has been at much pains to verify and authenticate the various details which he now presents, though he can scarcely hope, in so extensive a field, and where his knowledge of individuals was necessarily limited, to have altogether escaped errors, nor are they likely to be diminished by the necessarily hurried Avay in which these sheets have passed through the press. He trusts, hoAvever, that any they may be discovered to contain will not be of formidable magnitude.

J. M'C.

Warder Office, Dundee, 10?/; October 1843.

.^'

THE WHEAT AND THE CHAFF

GATHEKED INTO BUNDLES.

S»notJ of ILotliiatt anU iTbjcetJtialr.

I. PRESBYTERY OF EDINBURGH.

1. FREE CHURCH.

DATt OV ORDINATION

George Muirhead, D.D. Cramond, 1788 Henry Grey, St Mary's, Edinburgh, 1801 Thomas Chalmers, D.D., Professor of Divinity in the Uni- versity of Edinburgh, 1803 William Simpson, Leith Wyncl, do. 1813 Patrick Clason, D.D., Bucdeuch, do. 1815 Eobert Gordon, D.D., High Church, do. 1816 John Bruce, St Andrews, do. 1818 John Glen, Portobello, 1818 Walter Fairlie, Gihnerton, 1819 David Welsh, D.D., Professor of Divinity and Church His- tory in the Univei-sity of Edinburgh. 1820 James Julius Wood, Greyfriars, Edinburgh, 1827 James Buchanan, High Church, do. 1828 George R. Davidson, Lady Glenorchy's, do. 1828 Thomas Guthrie, St John's, do. 1830 William Cunningham, D.D., Trin. Col., do. 1830 James Begg, Liberton, 1830 Charles John Brown, New North Kirk, Edinburgh, 1831 Andrew Mackenzie, Henderson''s Church, do. 1831 Robert Elder, St PauVs, do. 1831 William K. Tweedie, Tolbooth Kirk, do. 1832 James Lewis, St John's, Leith, 1832

IS LOTIilAX AXD TWRKDDALE.

John Syni, Old Greyfriars, Edinbiu-ah, 183::?

David Thorburn, South Lelth, 1833

Robert Smith Candhsh, D.D., St George's, Edinburgh. 1834

WiUiam Nisbet, New Street, do. 1834

Robert Fergusson, St David's, Edinburgh, 1836

A. Moody Stuart, St Lteke's, do. 1837

James Fairbairn, Newhavcn, 1838

James Noble, Gaelic, Edinburgh, 1839

John Thomson, Mariner's Church, Leith, 1840

Alexander W. Brown, St Bernard's, Edinburgh, 1841

Thomas Addis, Morningsiclc, do. 1841

James Manson, Dean, do. 1842

Alexander Gregory, Roxhurgh, do. 1842

2. RESIDUARY ESTABLISHMENT.

Class First. Alexander Brunton, D.D., Professor of Oriental Lajngnages

in the University of Edinburgh, Tron Church, Edinburgh, 1797 David Ritchie, D.D., St Andrew's, Edinburgh, 1797 John Gilchrist, D.D., Canongate, do. ' 1807 Wm. Muir, D.D., LL.D., St Stephen's, do. 1812 John Hunter, Tron Church, do. 1814 John Clark, Canongate, do. 1823 Thomas Clark, D.D., Old Church, do. 1824 James Grant, D.D., South Leith, 1824 John Kinross, St Thomas's, Leith, 1842 John Lee, D.D., Principal and Primarius Professor af Divi- nity in the University of Edinburgh, 1807

Class Second. Lewis Balfour, Colinton, 180G

Did not occupy a very prominent place in the o/ntrovers}-, but always professed to belong to the Evangelical party, and uniformly acted with them. He M'as in the Assembly of 18:53, and then supported the ad- mission of the chapel ministers, and the overtures and motion on calls, which in the foUnwing year resulted in the Veto Act. Subsequently he supported the Veto itself, and the independence of the Church. He was present at the Convocation in November 1842, and adhei-ed to tho first series of resolutions.*

Alexander L. Simpson, D.D., Kirknewton, 1812

Acquired considerable notoriety for the share he took in originating and heading the movement of the " Forty " in 1842, to which so much of the subsequent disasters of the Cluirch may be traced. Originally acted with the Moderate party, but became the strenuous adherent of the Evangelical side from about the era of their rising into a majority. He

'■' Sco Apiiendix, Nn. 'i.

i.oTinA.v AXi) twki:dt)A]j:. 19'

warmly advocated the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual inde- pendence, and in the earlier stages of the controversy took a consider- able share in arousing the attention of the people to a sense of their importance. In 1840, he strongly opposed Lord Aberdeen's bill, and in the Assembly of that year spoke and voted against it, and continued, up to a late period, a member of the General Assembly's Non-intrusion Committee.

John Paul, St Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 1817

Long the colleague in the ministry of the late eminent and godly Dr Dickson, and, like that good man, uniformly and earnestly maintained the cause of Evangelism. He did not profess anti-patronage principles, but he opposed Lord Aberdeen's bill, subscribed the declaration against it,* and steadily maintained the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence. He was present at the Convocation, but did not adhere to either of the series of resolutions.

Archibald Bennie, Lady Yester's, Edinburgh, 1824

Throughout belonged to what may be called the extreme section of the Evangelical party. He held anti-patronage principles, opposed Lord Aberdeen's bill, subscribed the declaration against it, and likewise the solemn Engagement in defence of the liberties of the Church. t Gene- rally he bore a very marked and prominent share in the agitation in behalf of the principles maintained by his party; and, in particular, it may be mentioned that he took part in one or more of the series of lectures delivered in Edinburgh in elucidation of these principles, and afterwards published. Latterly, he gradually drew off; and although present at one diet of the Convocation, he did not adhere to either series of the resolutions.

V/ilHam Glover, Greenside, Edinburgh, 1823

All along a very keen and decided adherent of the Evangelical majority, and was, it is said, the very first to raise a public testimony in behalf of their principles in the Synod of Galloway previous to his translation to Edinburgh. In 1840, he subscribed the declaration against Lord Aberdeen's bill; and in the Assembly of 1841, voted in the majority for the deposition of the seven Strathbogie recusants, and in favour of the measure of non-intrusion introduced by his Grace the Duke of Argyle.J

D. Runcimaii, Newington, Edinburgh, 1829

Uniformly acted with the Evangelical party, and supported thern in

their measures. He voted for the original Independence resolutions

brought forward by Dr Buchanan of Glasgow in the Assembly of 1838,

was present at the Convocation, and subscribed both series of resolutions. %

Robert Jamieson, Currie, 1830

Never entertained anti-patronage principles, and voted in the minority against the anti-patronage resolutions in the Assembly of 1842. He always, however, professed himself amongst the most warm and zealous assertors of the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, and bore somewhat of a prominent share in their advocacy. He opposed the Earl of Aberdeen's bill, subscribed the solemn Engagement, and in the Assembly of 1842 recorded his vote for the memorable Claim of Rights. II He attended the Convocation, but adhered to first set of re-

'■' Sec Appendix, Xo. 1. t Ibid, No. 2. 1 Il>id, N".

? ] bid, Nos. 5 .and C. \ Ibid Xo. 'i.

20 LOTHIAN AND TAVEEBDALE,

solutions only. After the disruption he became a candidate for St Mary's, Edinburgh, vacated by his personal friend, the venerable and Rev. Henry Grey, and was nominated in the Town Council of Edin- burgh for the vacancy. At his nomination a laboured defence of his consistency, in the shape of a letter from himself to his proposer in the Council, was read, and a discussion followed of a character fitted to be anything but soothing to his feelings. Ultimately, he was rejected with- out a vote, Mr Learmonth of Dean, amongst others, declaring that, after the explanations which had taken place, he could not support him.

David Home, Corstorphine, 1831

Did not bear any very prominent share in the proceedings of Church Courts, but was a decided and uniform supporter of the Evangelical majority, and a steady assertor of the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence. He attended the Convocation, and subscribed the first series of resolutions.

James Macfarlane, Duddingstone, 1831

It may be doubted whether he ought not rather to have been placed in Class First of the Residuary Presbytery, as he has for years uniformly acted and voted with them in all questions of ecclesiastical polity. He was, however, at one time, while in St Bernard's Church, Edinburgh, a supporter of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, and accustomed to speak strongly in their behalf.

J. C. Fowler, Katho, 1833

Recently translated from St Luke's, Glasgow. Until 1842, he uniformly supported the majority. In the Assembly of 1841, he voted for the deposition of the Strathbogie recusants for the anti-patronage over- tures— for the Duke of Argyle's bUl— and the popular election of the eldership. In 1842, he was one of the first to connect himself with the movement of the Forty ; and shortly thereafter he was presented to Ratho. Since then he has, in all vital and important questions, voted against his former friends. At present believed that he is to be pre- sented to St John's Glasgow, vacated by the Rev. Dr Brown, a man from whom he experienced much kindness and friendship.

James Veitcli, St Cuthbert's, Edinburgli, 1834

At one time supported the Veto, and professed the principles of non-intru- sion and spiritual independence ; but of late years he took but little share in the business of Church Courts, and generally, when he did so, acted with the Moderates.

II. PRESBYTERY OF LINLITHGOW.

I. FREE CHXTRCH.

Thomas Gordon, Falkirk, 1819

Samuel Martin, Bathgate, 1825

Lewis Hay Irving, Abercorn, 1831

William M. Hetherington, Torphichen, 1836

John Laing, assistant and successor, Livingstone, 1842

LOTHIAN AND TVVEEDDALE. 21

2. RESIDUARY ESTABLISHMENT.

Class First. James M. Robertson, Livingstone, 1802

Alexander Davidson, Slamannan, 1810

Andrew Bell, D,D., Linlithgow, 1S22

George Boag, Uphall, 1828

William Walker, Midcalder, 1843

Class Secund, Pavid Fleming, Carriden, 1816

All along a decided advocate of the principles of non-intrusion and spi- ritual independence. In 1840, he subscribed the declaration against Lord Aberdeen's bill ; and in the Assembly of 1841, voted for the depo- sition of the Strathbogie recusants, and for the Duke of Argyle's bill. He attended the Convocation, and subscribed the first series of reso- lutions. Thomas Dimma, Queonsferry, 1820

A maintainer of non-intrusion and spiritual independence. In the Assembly of 1833 he supported the admission of the chapel ministers, and the overtures on calls; and again, in the Assembly of 1841, he voted for the deposition of the Strathbogie recusants, for the Duke of Argyle's bill, and the popular election of the eldership.

Kenneth Mackenzie, Borrowstounness, 1824:

A very ardent professor of the principles of the Evangelical majority, and belonging to the extreme section. In 1840, he subscribed the declara- tion against Lord Aberdeen's bill^ and in the Assembly of 1841 he voted in the minority on Dr Cunningham's motion declaring patronage to be a grievance and an evil which ought to be abolished, likewise for the deposition of the Strathbogie seven, and the Duke of Argyle's bill. He attended the Convocation, and subscribed both series of resolutions.

Graham Mitchell, Whitburn, 1824

A decided advocate of the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual inde- pendence from the first, and active in maintaining them. In the Assem- bly of 1832, he supported the overtures on calls; and in 1840, he voted against Lord Aberdeen's bill. He attended the Convocation, and ad- hered to the first series of resolutions.

John Ker, Polmont, 1825

A maintainer of the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence from the outset. In the Assembly of 1832, he supported the overtures on calls; and in 1840, he opposed Lord Aberdeen's bill, and voted for th« suspension of the Strathbogie recusants. He never bore any very pro- minent share in the controversy.

Adam Dmican Tait, KirkUston, 1826

Professed the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, and was especially strong upon the latter. In 1839, he supported Dr Chalmers' resolutions, solemnly pledging the Church to maintain the principle of non-intrusion at all hazards, notwithstanding the Auchter- arder decision. He has long ceased to act with the Evangelical side.

James Scott, Dalmeny, 1827

A very zealous professor of non-intrusion and spiritual independence,

and an attender of anti-patronage meetings, though generally voting

against anti-patronage overtures in Church Courts. In the Assembly

22 LOTHIAN AND TWEEDDALK.

of 1832, he supported the oveitures on calls; and in 1840, he opposed Lord Aberdeen's bill^ and voted for the suspension of the Strathbogie recusants. He was likewise present at the Convocation, and adhered to the first series of resolutions.

James Macfarlane, Muiravonside, 1834

A keen supporter of the principles of the Evangelical majority. In 1840 he subscribed the declaration against Lord Aberdeen's bill and the solemn Engagement. In the Assembly of 1842, he voted for the anti- patronage resolutions and the Claim of Rights. He adhered to both series of the Convocation resolutions ;■ but afterwards, by letter, formally withdrew his adherence.

William Learmontb, West Calder, 1835

A keen and zealous advocate and propagator of the principles of the Evangelical majority. In 1840, he subscribed the declaration against Lord Aberdeen's bill ; and in the Assembly of 1842, he supported the anti-patronage resolutions and the Claim of Rights. He was present at the Convocation, and adhered to both series o/tfic resolutions.

John Smith, Ecclesmachen, 1836

A steady supporter of the Evangelical side, and held very decidedly the

principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, but did not take

any pi-orainent share in their advocacy. In the Assembly of 1840, he

voted on all questions with the majority.

William Begg, Falkirk, 1836

A loud and vehement assertor of the most extreme principles of the

Evangelical party. In 1840, he subscribed the solemn Engagement,

Was a member of Convocation, and adhered to both series of the reso-

httions.

William Bniiiks, Camehu, 1841

Professing the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence,

but cautiously avoiding any forward or decided advocacy of them. Since

the disruption he has obtained a presentation to the parish of Torphichen.

Vacant.

GranganoutJi,

By the translation of Mr J. W. Taylor to Flisk;^in the Presbytery of Cupar.

III. PRESBYTERY OF BIGGAR.

1. FREE CHURCH.

James Proudfoot, Culter, 1827

William Haniia, Skirling, 1835

2. RESIDUARY ESTABLISHMENT.

Class First.

Hamilton Paul, Broughtuii, 1813

Alexander Craik, D.D., Libbeiton, 1813

Thomas Watson, Covington and Thankertoii, 1821

Charles Hope, Wandell and Lamington, 1821

John Alton, D.D., Dolphington, 1825

John Wilson, Walston, ' 1825

John C. Renton, Dunsyre, 1834

John Forbet!, Symington, 1840

LOI'HIAN AND TWEEDDALE- 23'

Class Second, J. Christison, Biggar, 1823

Originally attached himself to the Evangelical side ; and in 18-iO subscribed the declaration against Lord Aberdeen's bill, but speedily relapsed into- Moderatisra.

IV. PRESBYTERY OF PEEBLES.

L FREE CHURCH.

James Somerville, D.D., Drumelzier, 17^

Creorge Burns, D.D., Tweedsmuir, 1816

Walter Paterson, Kirkurd, 1837

2. RESIDUARY ESTABLISHMENT,

Class First.

Alexander Affleck, Lyne and Megget, 1814

Patrick Eoberston, Eddleston, 1820'

John Elliot, Peebles, 1825

Patrick Booth, Innerleithen, 1833

James Cruickshank, Manor, 1833

Alexander M, Forrester, West Linton, 1836

Alexander Edgar, Stobo, 1837

Class Second-

James Campbell, Traqnair, 1820

Professed the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, and generally supported the Evangelical cause. In 1840, subscribed the de- claration against Lord Aberdeen's bill, and in the Assembly of 1841 voted for the deposition of the Strathbogie recusants.

James Charteris, Newlands, 1 834

Professed the principles of non-intrusion and spiritual independence, and generally supported th« Evangelical cause.

V. PRESBYTERY OF DALKEITH.

1. FREE CHURCH.

David Brown, RosUn, 1829